The red eagle depicts Nigeria’s strength.
The black shield signifies the fortuitous qualities of the land in agricultural, mineral and solid resources.
The Y-shaped silver coloured wavy band in the middle of the black shield represents the two major rivers in the country, River Niger and River Benue.
The two white horses signify dignity.
|Nigerian National Pledge |
I pledge to Nigeria my Country
To be faithful, loyal and honest
To serve Nigeria with all my strength
To defend her unity
And uphold her honour and glory
So help me God.
The Flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on October 1, 1960. The two unique sea-green bands represent the forests and abundant natural wealth of Nigeria while the white band represents peace.
The national flag is an adaptation of the winning entry in a competition held in 1959. The original had a red sun with streaming rays placed at the top of the white stripe. This was removed by the judges and the flag has not been altered since. Like other countries, Nigeria has special ensigns for civil and naval vessels. Some of its states also have flags. The designer of the national flag was a student, Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi. He hailed from Owu in Abeokuta, Ogun State was a student of Norwich Technical College, England when he saw the advertisement in the national daily that entries were being accepted for the design of a new National Flag. Akinkunmi quickly prepared his entry and sent it to Lagos where it was eventually picked in 1958 as the best and the flag was used to celebrate an independent Nigeria on October 1, 1960; when the Union Flag (Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) was lowered for the Nigeria Flag to take its place on the flagpole.
Akinkunmi has received numerous awards from both individuals and organisations, and presently lives in Ibadan.
|Nigerian National Anthem |
Arise, O compatriots,
Nigeria's call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labour of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, Peace and unity.
Oh God of creation,
Direct our noble cause
Guide our leaders right
Help our youth the truth to know
In love and honesty to grow
And living just and true
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation
Where peace and justice
Nigeria as a giant of Africa is greatly blessed with both human and natural resources. Among these great men that our country Nigeria can be proud of is TAIWO AKINKUNMI- the man that designed the Nigerian National Flag in the Year 1958. Born in the popular town of Owu in Abeokuta, Ogun state, Taiwo Akinkunmi spent the best part of his life abroad (where he designed the flag) and came back to the country to work in the ministry of Agriculture at the time of western region.
Here is a man who commands honour and respect among over 20 million young ones everyday. Students (when singing national anthem) stand attentively to honour the flag of Nigeria which the man used his initiatives to design 48 years ago. Visit any school in the country, you find it there, it’s hanged in many offices even in the Presidential Villa in Abuja, it’s there and in all Nigerian Embassies abroad.
It is quite surprising to learn that the man that did that great thing for this country has not been honored with even the lowest out of the honors always bestowed upon national heroes in our country every year. It is very unfortunate in this country that we leave our heroes who really worked patriotically to die and after their demise finding one yeye post-humous honor for them which we failed to do while they were alive or what can we say to the case of TAIWO AKINKUNMI who designed and tailored Nigeria with the colour green white green?